SMP & Maternity
SMP & MaternityQuestions regarding maternity rights and maternity pay are often presented to Taxing Nannies by our clients and this factsheet is designed to help deal with these queries.
If you require any further information regarding the information below or any matters that are not covered, please do not hesitate to contact us.
Statutory Maternity PayStatutory Maternity PAY (SMP) is payable to an employee if they have worked for you for at least 26 weeks by the end of the 15th week before the expected week of childbirth. In effect this means that if your nanny becomes pregnant after commencing work with you will be responsible for paying her SMP.
SMP is payable at two rates. The first rate is 90% of the gross salary for the first six weeks and at a lower rate £135.45 for 2012/13 for the following 33 weeks. If your nanny returns to work or takes on alternative employment before the end of this period, SMP will cease. However, the employer can agree up to 10 "keeping in touch days" where the employee can work without losing maternity pay entitlement.
The SMP is funded by HM Revenue & Customs and Taxing Nannies can help you obtain this in advance so that you have the money available to pay your nanny. HMRC funds the full gross salary together with a further 3% (which in practice normally covers the cost of employers national insurance).
In order to apply for the SMP in advance your nanny will need to obtain a MAT B1 from the nanny's doctor, which is issued after 20 weeks of pregnancy. This form should be sent to us as soon as it is available.
SMP should be paid over weekly or monthly. We do not suggest that the payments are made as a lump sum as this is likely to increase the amount of national insurance payable and also would have to be clawed back if the full amount of maternity leave is not taken for any reason.
Maternity LeaveAll employees are entitled to 52 weeks maternity leave regardless of whether they qualify for statutory maternity pay.
Maternity leave can begin at the earliest at the start of the 11th week before the expected week of confinement and the employee must notify the employer in or before the 15th week before the baby is due. The employee can vary the date on which she intends to start her maternity leave provided that she gives the employer notice of the new date 28 days before the date originally notified.
The employer must write to the employee within 28 days of the employee's notification stating her expected date of return at the end of her maternity period.
When an employee returns to work she does not need to give her employer notice of her return if she intends to return at the end of the period of maternity leave. However, if she wishes to return at an earlier date then she must give at least 8 weeks notice of her intended date of return.
If the employee does not wish to return to work at all she must give her employer contractual notice, or statutory notice, whichever is greater.
Rights and obligations during pregnancy and maternity leaveEmployers must be aware that regardless of length of service, employees must not be subject to detrimental treatment on the basis that they are pregnant, have given birth, have taken or intend to take maternity leave. Also new or expectant mothers are protected by the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 which deems it direct discrimination to refuse employment to a person on the grounds of pregnancy, or to dismiss them on the grounds of pregnancy or childbirth.
All pregnant employees are entitled to reasonable paid time off to attend pregnancy related medical examinations within working hours. This may also include reasonable time for parentcraft or relaxation classes.
Holiday entitlement continues throughout maternity leave (with the exception of bank holidays), but any holiday entitlement not taken by the time maternity leave commences will be lost unless the nanny returns to work in the same "holiday year". When the nanny either returns to work or formally leaves her employment any remaining holiday due will be calculated by reference to the number of days accrued in the current "holiday year".
Employees who have a company car are entitled to retain the car for the first 26 weeks of maternity leave but there is no automatic entitlement for the second period of leave.
Rights and obligations when returning from maternity leaveEmployees are expected and can expect to return to work at the end of their maternity leave period on the same terms and conditions as before. This means that a request to bring the nanny's baby to work can be refused. However, the employee does have the right to request part-time or flexible working and proper consideration has to be given to this request and only rejected on substantial grounds.
Maternity Information correct at April 2012